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Islamic Verdicts - Volume III

The Book Of fasting

Miscellaneous fatawa

 

Staying in the Masjid for worship and its Conditions

Q: Is staying in the Masjid for worship during the month of Ramadhan a compulsory Sunnah? What are its conditions in times outside of Ramadhan?

A: Staying in the Masjid for worship during Ramadhan is Sunnah. The Prophet (Salallahou 'aleyhi wa salam) did it during his lifetime and his wives did it after his death. The people of knowledge have mentioned that there is a consensus among the scholars that it is Sunnah. However, staying in the Masjid for worship should be done in the manner that agrees with the purpose for its legislation. This is that the person remains in the Masjid for the obedience of Allah. He does this by leaving off worldly acts for the sake of performing acts of obedience to Allah. He stays far away from his worldly affairs and he does various acts of obedience, such as prayer, remembrance of Allah and other things. The Messenger of Allah (Salallahou 'aleyhi wa salam) used to stay in the Masjid for worship while seeking the Night of Decree (Laylatul-Qadr). The person who stays in the Masjid for worship avoids worldly deeds. Thus, he does not sell, he does not buy, he does not leave out of the Masjid, he does not follow the funeral procession, and he does not visit the sick person. In reference to what some of the people do of staying in the Masjid and then some visitors come to visit them during the night and at the ends of the day, and along with that they have forbidden conversations, this contradicts the purpose of staying in the Masjid.

However, if someone visits the person staying in the Masjid from among his family members and they speak with him, there is no harm in that. It has been reported from the Prophet (Salallahou 'aleyhi wa salam) that Safiyyah (Radiyallahou 'an-a) visited him while he was staying in the Masjid and she spoke with him. What is important is that the person make his staying in the Masjid for drawing near to Allah, glory be unto Him, the Most High.

Ash-Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaimin

 

The ruling on what is called Parents' Supper

Q: There are people who hold parties during Ramadhan and they sacrifice an animal and they call it Parents' supper. What is the ruling on this?

A: Giving charity on behalf of the deceased parents is permissible and there is no harm in it. However, it is better to supplicate for them than to give charity for them. This is because that is what the Prophet (Salallahou 'aleyhi wa salam) directed and advised to be done when he said: "When the person dies his deeds are cut off except for three: perpetual charity or knowledge from which benefit is gained or a righteous child who supplicates for him" (Muslim no. 1631).

He did not say, "a righteous child who gives charity on his behalf or offers prayer (As-Salah) for him." However, if the person gives charity along with this on behalf of his deceased (relative), this will suffice him. This is because the Prophet (Salallahou 'aleyhi wa salam) was asked about that and he allowed it.

However, what some people do during the nights of Ramadhan of slaughtering animals and holding numerous parties and those functions that none attend except the wealthy, this is not legislated. It is not from the practice of the Pious Predecessors (As-Salaf As-Salih). Therefore, the person should not do this, because in reality it is nothing other than parties that people attend and sit at with the presumption that some of them are drawing near to Allah by sacrificing this animal. They think that the sacrifice is better than buying the meat. This matter is something opposed to the Islamic law, because the sacrifices by which one draws closer to Allah are the Adhha sacrifices, the sacrifices for Hajj and the sacrifices for new born children. Thus, seeking to draw near to Allah by making sacrifices during Ramadhan is not from the Sunnah.

Ash-Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaimin

 

 

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