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Islamic Verdicts - Volume I 

The Sunan of Al-Fitrah

 

The Ruling on Dyeing the Beard Black

Q: What is the ruling on dying the beard with the darkest type of black, and is the one who does so guilty of sin? And what is the difference between shaving it and dyeing it black?

A: Changing the color of the hair on one's head and the beard with henna or Katamm (Al-Katam : A vegetable dye, resembling henna)or the like is lawful, while changing it with black dye is not permissible. Authentic Hadiths have been narrated from the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) in this regard. It is reported on the authority of Jabir bin 'Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said: "Abu Quhafah was brought to the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) on the day of the fall of Makkah and it was as if his head was a Thaghamah (Thaghamah : A white flower), so Allah's Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said: “Take him to one of his wives and let her change (the color of his hair) with something and avoid black” (Muslim no. 2102, Abu Dawud no. 4204 and An-Nasa'i no. 5079 and Ibn Majah 3624).

In Ahmad's version, he (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said (to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq): “If you had left the old man in his house, we would have come to visit him out of respect for Abu Bakr” (Abu Quhafah was the father of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him).

So he (i.e. Abu Quhafah (Ahmad 3:160)) embraced Islam and his beard was as white as the Thaghamah, so Allah's Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said: “Verily, the best thing which you can use to change the head of this old man is henna and Katam” (Abu Dawud no. 4205, At-Tirmithi no. 1753 and An-Nasa'i nos. 5084, 5085).

As for the difference between shaving the beard and dyeing its white hairs black, both of them are forbidden, but shaving the beard is more strictly forbidden than dyeing it black. And Allah is the Granter of success. And may peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

The Permanent Committee

 

The Ruling on Shaving the Moustache

Q: I request you to mention the Hadiths in which the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said that whoever shaves his beard is a Fasiq (Fasiq : Sinful, dissolute).  And is it permissible to completely shave the moustache?

A: Shaving the beard is forbidden and the one who does so is a Fasiq, because of his violation of the Hadiths which order it to be grown. The Permanent Committee for Scientific Investigations and Legal Rulings has previously answered a question similar to this one, giving the following ruling:

"Shaving the beard is forbidden, according to what has been  narrated by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad and others, on the authority of Ibn 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, from the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam), who said: “Be different from the polytheists, and grow your beards and shorten your moustaches” (Al-Bukhari no. 5892 and Muslim no. 259. Muslim no. 260).

And according to what has been narrated by Muslim and Ahmad, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, from the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam), who said: “Pare your moustaches and leave your beards, and differ from the Zoroastrians” (Muslim no. 260).

Continually shaving the beard is a major sin, therefore the shaver must be advised and reproved, especially if he is in a religious guidance center."

As for shaving the moustache, it has not been authentically reported from the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam), nor from his Companions, as far as we are aware. What has been confirmed from them is that they used to encourage people to clip it and trim it.

The Permanent Committee

 

The Ruling on Shaving the Cheeks

Q: What is the ruling on shaving the beard, and the ruling on shaving the cheeks and leaving the beard and moustache?

A: Shaving the beard is not permissible, according to the saying of the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam), in the authentic Hadith: Clip your moustaches and grow your beards, differ from the polytheists” (Ahmad 2: 229).

and his words: “Pare your moustaches and leave your beards, differ from the Zoroastrians” (Muslim n° 260).

The beard is what grows on the cheeks and the chin, as defined by the author of Al-Lisan and Al-Qamus (Lisanul-'Arab and Al-Qamus Al-Muhit: Two famous Arabic dictionaries). It is obligatory to leave the hair which grows on the cheeks and chin and not to shave it or cut it. May Allah correct the situation of all the Muslims.

Ibn Baz

 

Shaving the Beard is Changing Allah's Creation

Q: Is the saying of Him (i.e. Allah): “And indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah” (An-Nisa' 4: 119) an evidence against shaving the beard?

A: Yes, shaving the beard is included in the generality of what Allah, the Most High has mentioned in His Book, concerning Satan leading many people astray, for shaving it is changing Allah's creation and the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) ordered that the

beard be grown and the moustache be trimmed. And may peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master, Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

The Permanent Committee

 

The Ruling on Shaving (1) [Trimming Short] the Moustache

(1): The compiler used Halq or shave although the question is not about shaving, it is obviously a mistake as the same heading appears a few questions earlier

Q: What is the definition of the moustache in Islam, because we have heard from some scholars that shortening the moustache is an innovation and that it disfigures the hair, while Ibn Al-Qayyim - may Allah have mercy on him - held in Zadul-Ma'ad that shortening the moustache is better than merely removing the excess from the upper lip. So which is preferable and more correct?

A: It has been authentically reported in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Ibn 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, from the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) that he said: “Be different from the polytheists, and grow your beards and shorten your moustaches” (Al-Bukhari no. 5892 Muslim no. 250).

And in Sahih Muslim it is reported on the authority of Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: "A time limit was set for us regarding clipping the moustache, clipping the nails, plucking the hair from the armpits and shaving the pubic area - that they not be left for more than forty days."

In Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, it is reported that he said: “Allah's Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said: “Pare your moustaches and leave your beards, differ from the Zoroastrians” (Muslim no. 258).

At-Tirmithi narrated from the Hadith of Zaid bin Al-Arqam, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said: “Whoever did not remove some of his moustache is not one of us” (At-Tirmithi no. 2761).

- and he said: "It is an authentic Hadith."

Ibn 'Abdul-Barr said: "Al-Hasan bin Salih reported from Sammak bin Harb, from 'Ikrimah, from Ibn 'Abbas, that the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) used to clip his moustache and he mentioned that Ibrahim used to clip his moustache."

Ibn Al-Qayyim said: "A number of them report it from saying Ibn 'Abbas only. These are the proofs, some of which show an order to trim the moustache, and some of which show the order to shorten it..."

What is legislated is a choice in that matter. We do not consider it allowed to say that shortening the moustache is a form of mutilation and an innovation, since this contradicts the aforementioned proofs, and no consideration is given to the sayings of anyone besides the authentic Sunnah from the Messenger of Allah (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam).

The Permanent Committee

 

Trimming the Moustache and Leaving the Beard

Q: In a number of Hadiths the following is mentioned: “Clip you moustaches and grow your beards” (Ahmad 2: 229).

Similarly the mention of clipping the moustache, clipping the nails, plucking the hair from the armpits and shaving the pubic area. So is shaving different than trimming? The question is that some people clip what hangs down from the upper lip, while avoiding the rest of the hair on the moustache. Others trim half of the moustache leaving the rest. So is this the meaning or does it mean shaving all of it? I want to know the way to trim the moustache. As for leaving the beard, it is known that it is to leave it entirely.

A: In the authentic Hadiths of Allah's Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) he said: “Clip your moustaches and grow your beards, differ from the polytheists.”

He (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) also said: “Pare your moustaches and leave your beards, differ from the Zoroastrians” (Muslim no. 260).

And in some narrations: “Trim your moustaches” (Ahmad 2: 52).

And Ihfa' (trimming or shortening) is a more than clipping. So whoever pares or trims his moustache until his upper lip is visible, then there is no harm because the authentic Hadiths mention both ways.

Ibn Baz

 

The Ruling on Removing the Hair on the Back, the Legs and Thighs for Men

Q: Is it permissible for a man to shave the hair from his back, legs and thighs, along with the pubic area and the armpits, without imitating women, or disbelievers such as the People of the Book and others?

A: It is permissible to remove the hair from the aforementioned places, as there is no harm in it to the body, so long as it is not done with the intention of imitating women or disbelievers. This is because, fundamentally, things are permissible, and it is not allowed for the Muslim to make anything forbidden except with evidence, and there is no evidence that what we have mentioned is forbidden. The silence of Allah, the Most Glorified and His Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) in this matter proves that it is permissible. This is because the Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) made it lawful for us to shorten the moustache, trim the nails, pluck the armpits and shave the pubic region; and He permitted men to shave their heads, and He cursed those women who remove the eyebrow hair of others and those who have their eyebrow hair removed, and he ordered us to grow our beards, but he was silent concerning hair other than that. Anything about which Allah and His Messenger (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) are silent is allowed and it is not permissible for anyone to forbid it, as the Prophet (Salallahou ‘aleyhi wa salam) said, in the Hadith narrated by Abu Tha'labah Al-Khushani: “Verily, Allah has imposed certain obligations, so do not lose them; and He has imposed certain limits, so do not exceed them; and He has forbidden certain things, so do not violate them; and He is silent regarding some things as a mercy to you, not due to forgetfulness, so do not investigate such matters” (Ad-Daraqutni no. 502 and Al-Bayhaqi 10: 12, 13).

A number of scholars have written about the above-mentioned Hadith and other Hadiths and narrations from the Companions carrying the same meaning. Al-Hafiz Ibn Rajab - may Allah have mercy on him - has mentioned some of them in Jami'Al-'Uloom wal-Hikam in his explanation of the Hadith of Abu Tha'labah. Whoever wishes to investigate this matter should refer to it. And Allah knows best.

Ibn Baz

 

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